A comprehensive review of Australia’s National Cervical Screening Program (NCSP), the Renewal, has been undertaken over the past few years.1 This review recommended a number of changes, including that human papillomavirus (HPV) testing replace conventional cytology (ie, Pap tests) as the primary screening test, with 5-yearly screening commencing at age 25. The proposals have been endorsed by the Medical Services Advisory Committee (MSAC).2
- 1. Australian Government, Department of Health. Renewal of the National Cancer Screening Program [website]. http://www.cancerscreening.gov.au/internet/screening/publishing.nsf/content/renewal-ncsp-pres (accessed Jan 2016).
- 2. Australian Government, Medical Services Advisory Committee. MSAC outcomes. Application no. 1276 — Renewal of the National Cervical Screening Program [public summary document]. 2014. http://www.msac.gov.au/internet/msac/publishing.nsf/Content/FD36D6990FFAA639CA25799200058940/$File/1276%20-%20Final%20MSAC%20PSD%20-%20NCSP%20Renewal.pdf (accessed Jan 2016).
- 3. Sultana F, English DR, Simpson JA, et al. Rationale and design of the iPap trial: a randomized controlled trial of home-based HPV self-sampling for improving participation in cervical screening by never- and under-screened women in Australia. BMC Cancer 2014; 14: 207.
- 4. Arbyn M, Castle PE. Offering self-sampling kits for HPV testing to reach women who do not attend in the regular cervical cancer screening program. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2015; 24: 769-772.
- 5. Smith M, Lew JB, Simms K, Canfell K. Predicted impact of integrating self-sampling testing into the Australian HPV screening program. Med J Aust 2016; 204: 194.e1-194.e9.
- 6. Australian women will be able to do their own Pap smears. Mamamia News 2015; 14 Oct. http://www.mamamia.com.au/news/diy-pap-smear/ (accessed Jan 2016).
- 7. Nogrady B. You could soon be doing your own Pap smear. The Glow [website] 2015; 1 Mar. http://www.theglow.com.au/health/you-could-soon-be-doing-your-own-pap-smear/ (accessed Jan 2016).
- 8. Arbyn M, Snijder PJ, Meijer CJL, et al. Which high risk HPV assay fulfil criteria for use in primary cervical cancer screening? Clin Microbiol Infect 2015; 21: 817-826.
- 9. Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu. Population screening is about to change [Dutch]. 2015. http://www.rivm.nl/Onderwerpen/B/Bevolkingsonderzoek_baarmoederhalskanker/Bevolkingsonderzoek_gaat_veranderen (accessed Jan 2016).
- 10. Australian Government, Department of Health. Renewal of the National Cervical Screening Program. Partner Reference Group e-newsletter — December 2015. http://www.cancerscreening.gov.au/internet/screening/publishing.nsf/Content/52DF583BA30DCAD4CA257CED00801847/$File/E-newsletter%20December%202014%20%28D14-2854861%29.pdf (accessed Jan 2016).
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