In 2011, we saw the Australian Census of Population and Housing recognise same-sex marriages for the first time.1 However, we have also recently witnessed the winding back of civil union legislation in Queensland, which had previously allowed for legally recognised unions between same-sex couples, and there have been suggestions that same-sex couples should be written out of surrogacy legislation in that state. It is in this contradictory context that we are aiming to capture complete data on the physical, mental and social wellbeing of Australian children with at least one same-sex attracted parent through a national research project, the Australian Study of Child Health in Same-Sex Families (ACHESS).2 In developing this study, we considered what makes a same-sex parented family and how many of these families there might be in Australia. Here, we bring a fresh perspective to the concept of same-sex parented families in Australia by posing key research questions and drawing from the history of same-sex parenting and the present experience of these families in Australia. In the process, we identified that this group comprises a very diverse range of family types, with possible implications for health care delivery.
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- 2. Crouch SR, Waters E, McNair R, et al. ACHESS – The Australian Study of Child Health in Same-Sex Families: background research, design and methodology. BMC Public Health 2012; 12: 646.
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- 7. Hicks S. Queer genealogies: tales of conformity and rebellion amongst lesbian and gay foster carers and adopters. Qual Soc Work 2005; 4: 293-308.
- 8. Foster Care Association of Victoria. Information sheet: support for gay and lesbian foster carers. Melbourne: Foster Care Association of Victoria, 2013. http://www.fcav.org.au/images/documents/Information_Sheets/CISS_15_-_Support_for_gay__lesbian_carers_V2_As_at_21_Jan2013pdf.pdf (accessed Apr 2013).
- 9. Power J, Perlesz A, Brown R, et al. Diversity, tradition and family: Australian same-sex attracted parents and their families. Gay Lesbian Issues Psychol Rev 2010; 6: 66-81.
- 10. McNair R, Brown R, Perlesz A, et al. Lesbian parents negotiating the health care system in Australia. Health Care Women Int 2008; 29: 91-114.
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