What can we do to prevent this from becoming the most common health care-associated infection in Australia?
Clostridium difficile, a gram-positive, anaerobic, spore-forming, toxigenic bacterium, is the most common infectious cause of nosocomial diarrhoea. The severity of infection varies from mild diarrhoea to pseudomembranous colitis, toxic megacolon and death.1 In the United States, C. difficile now rivals methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) as the most common health care-associated infection, accounting for US$3.2 billion in excess costs annually.1,2
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