Connect
MJA
MJA

Australian school-based prevention and early intervention programs for anxiety and depression: a systematic review

Alison L Neil and Helen Christensen
Med J Aust 2007; 186 (6): 305-308.
  • Alison L Neil1
  • Helen Christensen2

  • Centre for Mental Health Research, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT.

Correspondence: alison.neil@anu.edu.au

Competing interests:

Helen Christensen is a co-author of the MoodGYM program.

  • 1. Council of Australian Governments (COAG). National action plan on mental health 2006–2011. http://www.coag.gov.au/meetings/140706/docs/nap_mental_health.rtf (accessed Jan 2007).
  • 2. Sawyer MG, Arney FM, Baghurst PA, et al. Mental health of young people in Australia. Canberra: Australian Government Department of Health and Aged Care, 2000.
  • 3. Boyd CP, Kostanski M, Gullone E, et al. Prevalence of anxiety and depression in Australian adolescents: comparisons with worldwide data. J Genet Psychol 2000; 161: 479-492.
  • 4. Mrazek PJ, Haggerty RJ, editors. Reducing risks for mental disorders: frontiers for preventive intervention research. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1994.
  • 5. Moher D, Jones A, Cook DJ, et al. Does quality of reports of randomised trials affect estimates of intervention efficacy reported in meta-analyses? Lancet 1998; 352: 609-613.
  • 6. Jadad AR, Moore RA, Carroll D, et al. Assessing the quality of reports of randomized clinical trials: is blinding necessary? Control Clin Trials 1996; 17: 1-12.
  • 7. Cohen JD. Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. 2nd ed. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates, 1988.
  • 8. Ralph A, Nicholson L. Teaching coping skills to depressed adolescents in high school settings. Behav Change 1995; 12: 175-190.
  • 9. Hannan AP, Rapee RM, Hudson JL. The prevention of depression in children: a pilot study. Behav Change 2005; 17: 78-83.
  • 10. Kowalenko N, Rapee RM, Simmons J, et al. Short-term effectiveness of a school-based early intervention program for adolescent depression. Clin Child Psychol Psychiatry 2005; 10: 493-507.
  • 11. Sheffield JK, Spence SH, Rapee RM, et al. Evaluation of universal, indicated, and combined cognitive-behavioural approaches to the prevention of depression among adolescents. J Consult Clin Psychol 2006; 74: 66-79.
  • 12. Quayle D, Dziurawiec S, Roberts C, et al. The effects of an optimism and lifeskills program on depressive symptoms in preadolescence. Behav Change 2001; 18: 194-203.
  • 13. Roberts C, Kane R, Thomson H, et al. The prevention of depressive symptoms in rural school children: a randomized controlled trial. J Consult Clin Psychol 2003; 71: 622-628.
  • 14. Roberts C, Kane R, Bishop B, et al. The prevention of depressive symptoms in rural school children: a follow-up study. Int J Ment Health Promotion 2004; 6(3): 4-16.
  • 15. Mifsud C, Rapee RM. Early intervention for childhood anxiety in a school setting: outcomes for an economically disadvantaged population. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2005; 44: 996-1004.
  • 16. Dadds MR, Spence SH, Holland DE, et al. Prevention and early intervention for anxiety disorders: a controlled trial. J Consult Clin Psychol 1997; 65: 627-635.
  • 17. Dadds MR, Holland DE, Laurens KR, et al. Early intervention and prevention of anxiety disorders in children: results at 2-year follow-up. J Consult Clin Psychol 1999; 67: 145-150.
  • 18. Lowry-Webster HM, Barrett PM, Dadds MR. A universal prevention trial of anxiety and depressive symptomatology in childhood: preliminary data from an Australian study. Behav Change 2001; 18: 36-50.
  • 19. Lowry-Webster HM, Barrett PM, Lock S. A universal prevention trial of anxiety symptomology during childhood: results at 1-year follow-up. Behav Change 2003; 20: 25-43.
  • 20. Barrett P, Turner C. Prevention of anxiety symptoms in primary school children: preliminary results from a universal school-based trial. Br J Clin Psychol 2001; 40: 399-410.
  • 21. Barrett PM, Sonderegger R, Sonderegger NL. Evaluation of an anxiety-prevention and positive-coping program (FRIENDS) for children and adolescents of non-English-speaking background. Behav Change 2001; 18: 78-91.
  • 22. Barrett PM, Sonderegger R, Xenos S. Using Friends to combat anxiety and adjustment problems among young migrants to Australia: a national trial. Clin Child Psychol Psychiatry 2003; 8: 241-260.
  • 23. Lock S, Barrett PM. A longitudinal study of developmental differences in universal preventive intervention for child anxiety. Behav Change 2003; 20: 183-199.
  • 24. Barrett PM, Farrell LJ, Ollendick TH, Dadds M. Long-term outcomes of an Australian universal prevention trial of anxiety and depression symptoms in children and youth: an evaluation of the friends program. J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2006; 35: 403-411.
  • 25. Barrett PM, Lock S, Farrell LJ. Developmental differences in universal preventive intervention for child anxiety. Clin Child Psychol Psychiatry 2005; 10: 539-555.
  • 26. O’Kearney R, Gibson M, Christensen H, Griffiths KM. Effects of a cognitive-behavioural internet program on depression, vulnerability to depression and stigma in adolescent males: a school-based controlled trial. Cogn Behav Ther 2006; 35: 43-54.
  • 27. Pattison C, Lynd-Stevenson RM. The prevention of depressive symptoms in children: the immediate and long-term outcomes of a school-based program. Behav Change 2001; 18: 92-102.
  • 28. Spence SH, Sheffield JK, Donovan CL. Preventing adolescent depression: an evaluation of the Problem Solving For Life program. J Consult Clin Psychol 2003; 71: 3-13.
  • 29. Spence SH, Sheffield JK, Donovan CL. Long-term outcome of a school-based, universal approach to prevention of depression in adolescents. J Consult Clin Psychol 2005; 73: 160-167.
  • 30. Shochet IM, Dadds MR, Holland D, et al. The efficacy of a universal school-based program to prevent adolescent depression. J Clin Child Psychol 2001; 30: 303-315.
  • 31. Harnett PH, Dadds MR. Training school personnel to implement a universal school-based prevention of depression program under real-world conditions. J Sch Psychol 2004; 42: 343-357.
  • 32. Shochet IM, Ham D. Universal school-based approaches to preventing adolescent depression: past findings and future directions of the Resourceful Adolescent Program. Int J Ment Health Promotion 2004; 6(3): 17-25.
  • 33. Cotta A, Frydenberg E, Poole C. Coping skills training for adolescents at school. Aust J Educ Dev Psychol 2000; 17: 103-117.
  • 34. Bugalski K, Frydenberg E. Promoting effective coping in adolescents ‘at-risk’ for depression. Aust J Guid Counc 2000; 10: 111-132.
  • 35. Luscombe-Smith N, Frydenberg E, Poole C. Broadening social networks for girls and particularly boys: outcomes of a coping skills program. Aust J Guid Counc 2003; 13: 22-35.
  • 36. D’Anastasi T, Frydenberg E. Ethnicity and coping: what young people do and what young people learn. Aust J Guid Counc 2005; 15: 43-59.
  • 37. Burns J, Hickie I. Depression in young people: a national school-based initiative for prevention, early intervention and pathways for care. Australas Psychiatry 2002; 10: 134-138.
  • 38. Wyn J, Cahill H, Holdsworth R, et al. MindMatters, a whole-school approach promoting mental health and wellbeing. Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2000; 34: 594-601.
  • 39. Jones JE, Scanlon K, Raphael B, et al. Health and education working together: the New South Wales School-Link initiative. Int J Ment Health Promotion 2002; 4(4): 36-43.
  • 40. Maloney D, Walter G. The contribution of “School-Link” to an Area Mental Health Service. Australas Psychiatry 2005; 13: 399-402.
  • 41. Andrews G, Wilkinson DD. The prevention of mental disorders in young people. Med J Aust 2002; 177 (7 Suppl): S97-S100. <MJA full text>
  • 42. Merry S, McDowell H, Hetrick S, et al. Psychological and/or educational interventions for the prevention of depression in children and adolescents. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2004; (1): CD003380.
  • 43. Flay BR, Biglan A, Boruch RF, et al. Standards of evidence: criteria for efficacy, effectiveness and dissemination. Prev Sci 2005; 6: 151-175.

Author

remove_circle_outline Delete Author
add_circle_outline Add Author

Comment
Do you have any competing interests to declare? *

I/we agree to assign copyright to the Medical Journal of Australia and agree to the Conditions of publication *
I/we agree to the Terms of use of the Medical Journal of Australia *
Email me when people comment on this article

Responses are now closed for this article.