Connect
MJA
MJA

Prisons, hepatitis C and harm minimisation

Michael H Levy, Carla Treloar, Rodney M McDonald and Norman Booker
Med J Aust 2007; 186 (12): 647-649.
  • Michael H Levy1
  • Carla Treloar2
  • Rodney M McDonald2
  • Norman Booker3

  • 1 School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW.
  • 2 National Centre in HIV Social Research, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW.
  • 3 NSW Health Workforce Development Program in Hepatitis, HIV and Sexual Health, Sydney, NSW.

Correspondence: mrya@tpg.com.au

Competing interests:

None identified.

  • 1. Australian National Council on Drugs. Supply, demand and harm reduction strategies in Australian prisons. Canberra: ANCD, 2004.
  • 2. The road not taken. Review of the National Hepatitis C Strategy 1999–2000 to 2003–2004. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia, 2003.
  • 3. Ministerial Advisory Committee on AIDS, Sexual Health and Hepatitis, Hepatitis C Sub-Committee. Hepatitis C Virus Projections Working Group: estimates and projections of the hepatitis C virus epidemic in Australia 2006. Canberra: MACASHH, 2006.
  • 4. Butler T, Boonwaat L, Hailstone S, et al. The 2004 Australian prison entrants’ blood-borne virus and risk behaviour survey. Aust N Z J Public Health 2007; 31: 44-50.
  • 5. Butler T, Kariminia A, Levy M, Kaldor J. Prisoners are at risk for hepatitis C transmission. Eur J Epidemiol 2004; 19: 1119-1122.
  • 6. Dolan K, Hall W, Wodak A, Gaughwin M. Evidence of HIV transmission in an Australian prison [letter]. Med J Aust 1994; 160: 734.
  • 7. Jones PD. HIV transmission by stabbing despite zidovudine prophylaxis [letter]. Lancet 1991; 338: 884.
  • 8. Dolan KA, Rutter SA, Wodak AD, et al. Is a syringe exchange feasible in a prison setting [letter]? Med J Aust 1996; 164: 508.
  • 9. Eyland SJ. Is a syringe exchange feasible in a prison setting [letter]? Med J Aust 1996; 165: 59.
  • 10. Buttler M, Hodgson S. Uproar at prisoner tattoo bid. Herald Sun (Melbourne) 2005; 5 Nov: 11.
  • 11. Dolan K. The epidemiology of hepatitis C infection in prison populations [discussion paper]. Canberra: Commonwealth Department of Health and Aged Care, 2000.
  • 12. Australian National Council on Drugs. Needle and syringe programs. Position paper. Canberra: ANCD, 2002. http://www.ancd.org.au/publications/pdf/pp_needle_syringe.pdf (accessed May 2007).
  • 13. Small W, Kain S, Laliberte N, et al. Incarceration, addiction and harm reduction: inmates experience injecting drugs in prison. Subst Use Misuse 2005; 40: 831-843.
  • 14. O’Sullivan BG, Levy MH, Dolan KA, et al. Hepatitis C transmission and HIV post-exposure prophylaxis after needle- and syringe-sharing in Australian prisons. Med J Aust 2003; 178: 546-549. <MJA full text>
  • 15. Nelles J, Fuhrer A, Hirsbrunner H, Harding T. Provision of syringes: the cutting edge of harm reduction in prison? BMJ 1998; 317: 270-273.
  • 16. Dolan K, Rutter S, Wodak AD. Prison-based syringe exchange programmes: a review of international research and development. Addiction 2003; 98: 153-158.
  • 17. Betteridge G. Germany: study shows effectiveness of prison needle exchange. HIV/AIDS Policy Law Rev 2006; 11: 33-34.
  • 18. Australian Injecting and Illicit Drug Users League (AIVL). Prison-based syringe exchange programs (PSE programs). Discussion paper. Canberra: AIVL, 2001. http://www.aivl.org.au/files/PrisonBasedSyringeExchangePrograms.pdf (accessed May 2007).
  • 19. Prisons and blood-borne viruses: old challenges, new solutions. Consortium for Social and Policy Research on HIV, Hepatitis C and Related Diseases; 2005 Nov 25; Sydney, Australia.
  • 20. Barnes M, State Coroner. Queensland Courts. Office of the State Coroner. Findings of the inquest into the death of Darren Michael Fitzgerald. Delivered on 19 Jan 2007.
  • 21. Butler T, Milner L. The 2001 New South Wales inmate health survey. Sydney: NSW Corrections Health Service, 2003. http://www.justicehealth.nsw.gov.au/pubs/Inmate_Health_Survey_2001.pdf (accessed May 2007).
  • 22. Gratton F. Pilot project for safe tattooing practices at Cowansville Institution. Int J Prisoner Health 2006; 2: 251-252.
  • 23. Gaskell D. Safer tattooing practices initiatives. Focus on infectious diseases [Internet] Winter 2006; 4(2). http://www.csc-scc.gc.ca/text/pblct/hsbulletin/2006/no2/vol4_no2_5_e.shtml (accessed May 2007).
  • 24. NSW Health. Guidelines on skin penetration. http://www.health.nsw.gov.au/public-health/ehb/general/skinpen/guidelines_skin_pen.pdf (accessed May 2007).
  • 25. CBC News, Canada. Prison tattoo parlours get the axe. 4 Dec 2006. http://www.cbc.ca/canada/story/2006/12/04/tattoo-program.html (accessed May 2007).

Author

remove_circle_outline Delete Author
add_circle_outline Add Author

Comment
Do you have any competing interests to declare? *

I/we agree to assign copyright to the Medical Journal of Australia and agree to the Conditions of publication *
I/we agree to the Terms of use of the Medical Journal of Australia *
Email me when people comment on this article

Responses are now closed for this article.