Increasing ICU capacity to accommodate higher demand during the COVID-19 pandemic

Edward Litton, Sue Huckson, Shaila Chavan, Tamara Bucci, Anthony Holley, Evan Everest, Sean Kelly, Steven McGloughlin, Johnny Millar, Nhi Nguyen, Mark Nicholls, Paule Secombe and David Pilcher
Med J Aust || doi: 10.5694/mja2.51318
Published online: 13 October 2021

This article has been accepted for publication and has undergone full peer review but has not been through the full structural and scientific editing, typesetting, pagination and proofreading processes which may lead to differences between this version and the Version of Record. Click here for PDF version. Please cite this article as doi: 10.5694/mja2.51318

  • Edward Litton1,2
  • Sue Huckson3
  • Shaila Chavan3
  • Tamara Bucci3
  • Anthony Holley4
  • Evan Everest5
  • Sean Kelly6
  • Steven McGloughlin7
  • Johnny Millar8
  • Nhi Nguyen9
  • Mark Nicholls10
  • Paule Secombe11
  • David Pilcher3,8

  • 1 Fiona Stanley Hospital, Perth, WA
  • 2 The University of Western Australia, Perth, WA
  • 3 Centre for Outcome and Resource Evaluation (CORE), Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society (ANZICS), Melbourne, VIC
  • 4 Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Brisbane, QLD
  • 5 Flinders Medical Centre, Adelaide, SA
  • 6 Central Coast Local Health District, Charmhaven, NSW
  • 7 The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, VIC
  • 8 Royal Children’s Hospital, Melbourne, VIC
  • 9 NSW Agency for Clinical Innovation, Sydney, NSW
  • 10 St Vincent's Hospital Sydney, Sydney, NSW
  • 11 Alice Springs Hospital, Alice Springs, NT



We thank all data collectors and clinicians, and particularly the directors and nurse unit managers of all 194 Australian ICUs who contributed to this study.

Competing interests:

No relevant disclosures


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